Russian television broadcasts were mysteriously interrupted for almost an hour on the night of a deadly nuclear explosion by a message warning people of a storm which never arrived. 

The message appeared on Moscow TV channels on Thursday, hours after five Russian nuclear engineers were killed by a blast as they tested a new rocket engine in Arkhangelsk, around 600 miles north of the capital.

Local news outlet RBC reported viewers were subjected for up to 53 minutes to a message from the Ministry of Emergencies warning of strong winds and heavy rain the following night.

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In front of a blue screen, the message, which was also read by a female voiceover, said: "A strong wind is expected. Take cover in a capital building. Do not shelter or park under trees and rickety structures. Be careful. Phone rescuers 01, 101." 

But the expected storm never came, and a government broadcast agency later said the message was a malfunction of its storm warning system, according to the New York Times.

It came following an accident still cloaked in much secrecy, but which the nuclear agency Rosatom said occurred while engineers were testing a “nuclear isotope power source” for a rocket engine. a tragedy that fuelled radiation fears and raised questions about a secretive weapons programme. 

On Tuesday, authorities told people in a nearby village near to "leave the territory".

Authorities offered no official explanation after Russia's state weather service said radiation levels spiked in nearby Severodvinsk, a city of 183,000, by up to 16 times after the explosion.

The Defense Ministry insisted no radiation had been released, a claim that drew comparisons to Soviet-era attempts to cover up catastrophes. Spooked residents rushed to buy iodide, which can help limit the damage from exposure to radiation. 

On Tuesday, Russia's TASS news agency revealed medics who treated victims of the accident were sent to Moscow for medical examination.

The medics sent to Moscow have signed an agreement promising not to divulge information about the incident, TASS cited an unnamed medical source as saying.

Thousands of people attended the funerals on Monday of the five nuclear engineers killed by the blast. They were laid to rest in Sarov, which hosts Russia's main nuclear weapons research centre, where they worked.

Flags flew at half-staff in the city 230 miles east of Moscow that has been a base for Russia's nuclear weapons program since the late 1940s. The coffins were displayed at Sarov's main square before being driven to a cemetery. 

The Defence Ministry initially reported the explosion at the navy's testing range near the village of Nyonoksa in the northwestern Arkhangelsk region killed two people and injured six others.

State-controlled Rosatom then said over the weekend the blast also killed five of its workers and injured three others. It's not clear what the final toll is. 

The company said the victims were on a sea platform testing a rocket engine and were thrown into the sea by explosion. 

Rosatom director Alexei Likhachev praised the victims as "true heroes" and the "pride of our country". 

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"Our further work on new weapons that we will certainly complete will be the best tribute to them," Mr Likhachev said during the funeral, according to Rosatom. "We will fulfil the Motherland's orders and fully protect its security." 

Following the explosion, Russian authorities also closed part of Dvina Bay on the White Sea to shipping for a month, in what could be an attempt to prevent outsiders from seeing an operation to recover the missile debris. 

The Severodvinsk city administration said the radiation level rose to 2 microsieverts per hour for about 30 minutes on Thursday before returning to the area's natural level of 0.1 microsieverts per hour. Emergency officials issued a warning to all workers to stay indoors and close the windows. 

The radiation level of 2 microsieverts per hour is only slightly higher than the natural background radiation, which could vary between 0.1 and 0.4 microsieverts per hour. It's lower than the cosmic radiation that plane passengers are exposed to on longer haul flights. 

Regional authorities haven't reported any radiation increases after Thursday's spike. 

Russian environmental groups have urged the government to release details of the radioactive leak, but officials offered no further details. 

Neither the Defence Ministry nor Rosatom mentioned the type of rocket that exploded during the test, saying only that it had liquid propellant. 

But Rosatom's mention of a "nuclear isotope power source" led some Russian media to conclude it was the Burevestnik (Petrel), a nuclear-powered cruise missile first revealed by Russian President Vladimir Putin in March 2018 during his state of the nation address along with other doomsday weapons. 

President Donald Trump weighed in Monday on the blast, tweeting, "The United States is learning much from the failed missile explosion in Russia. We have similar, though more advanced, technology. The Russian 'Skyfall' explosion has people worried about the air around the facility, and far beyond. Not good!" 

The US and the Soviet Union pondered nuclear-powered missiles in the 1960s, but they abandoned those projects as too unstable and dangerous. 

While presenting the new missile, Putin claimed it will have an unlimited range, allowing it to circle the globe unnoticed, bypassing the enemy's missile defense assets to strike undetected. The president claimed the missile had successfully undergone the first tests, but observers were sceptical, arguing that such a weapon could be very difficult to handle and harmful to the environment. 

Some reports suggested previous tests of the Burevestnik missile had been conducted on the barren Arctic archipelago of Novaya Zemlya and the Kapustin Yar testing range in southern Russia before they were moved to Nyonoksa. Moving the tests from unpopulated areas to a range close to a big city may reflect the military's increased confidence in the new weapon. 

The Sarov nuclear center director, Valentin Kostyukov, said that the victims tried but failed to prevent the explosion. "We saw that they were trying to regain control over the situation," he said. 

Sergei Kirienko, Putin's deputy chief of staff who previously led Rosatom, said at the funeral that the victims were aware of the danger, but "took the risk, realising that no one else would do the job better than them." He said they would be posthumously awarded with top medals. 

Additional reporting by agencies

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