From Hungary to France, far-right nationalists are winning elections or gaining new ground across Europe.

Here is a quick primer on some of the populist leaders from across the continent, what they believe, and what they have done or want to do.

Viktor Orban – Hungary, Fidesz

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Hungarian prime minister Viktor Orban addresses supporters after declaring victory in the country's parliamentary elections (Reuters)

Prime Minister of Hungary

• Threatening to shut down NGOs that help refugees

• Running state backed hate campaign against George Soros

• Removing constitutional checks and balances

 

 

Matteo Salvini – Italy, Lega

League party leader Matteo Salvini talks during a news conference the day after Italy’s parliamentary elections (Reuters)

Leader of Italy’s junior governing party

• Has pledged to deport 500,000 irregular migrants

• Says joining the euro was a mistake

• Wants to end sanctions against Russia

 

 

Heinz-Christian Strache – Austria, FPO

Heinz-Christian Strache of the FPO and his coalition partner Sebastian Kurz of the OVP (Getty)

Deputy prime minister of Austria

• Wants to drive Islam out of public life Austria

• Threatening mosque closures

• Wants to end sanctions against Russia

 

 

Marine Le Pen – France, Front National

Marine Le Pen talks to journalists (Getty)

Runner-up in French presidential election

• Wants policies to favour ‘native’ French 

• Says she would hold an EU referendum 

• Wants to deport irregular migrants

 

Janez Janša – Slovenia, Slovenian Democratic Party

Janez Jansa, leader of the Slovenian Democratic Party (SDS), speaks to the media and supporters after the general election in Ljubljana (REUTERS)

Leader of Slovenia’s largest party

• Says country is run by secretive former Communist cabal

• Appointed political allies to press agencies

• Sent to prison for alleged corruption but overturned by Constitutional Court

 

 

Alexander Gauland  – Germany, AfD

Mr Gauland, co-lead candidate of the Alternative for Germany (AfD) at an election count (Getty)

Leader of first far-right party in the Bundestag in decades

• Says Islam is not a part of Germany

• Wants ban on public Islamic symbols

• Wants to leave the euro 

 

 

Jarosław Kaczyński – Poland, Law and Justice

Leader of Law and Justice party Jaroslaw Kaczynski, the power behind the scenes in the Polish government (Kacper Pempel/Reuters)

Chairman of Poland’s governing party

• Says migrants spread infectious diseases

• Wants to ban gay people from being teachers

• Constitutional changes to give government more power over courts

 

 

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