Britain is in “deep trouble” unless Boris Johnson and Jeremy Corbyn can act like “good chaps” and find a way to resolve the Brexit crisis, a leading constitutional expert has warned.

In a boost for pro-EU campaigners, a Court of Session judge has ruled that a legal challenge seeking to prevent Mr Johnson from suspending parliament to force through a no-deal exit will be heard before 31 October.

It comes as No 10 is said to be ready to pull British diplomats out of Brussels. Donald Trump’s national security adviser John Bolton, meanwhile, said the UK was “first in line” for a trade deal with the US after meeting the PM.

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Meanwhile John Bercow, the House of Commons speaker, has warned that he will try to stop the prime minister from suspending parliament.

Mr Bercow told an audience at the Edinburgh Fringe festival that he "strongly" believes the House of Commons "must have its way", in remarks reported by the Herald newspaper.

"And if there is an attempt to circumvent, to bypass or - God forbid - to close down Parliament, that is anathema to me," he said.

"I will fight with every breath in my body to stop that happening."

Amber Rudd also told the BBC on Tuesday that she would urge the prime minister not to suspend the Commons.

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If you would like to see how the day's events unfolded, please see what was our live coverage below:

Good morning and welcome to The Independent's live coverage of events at Westminster and beyond.
Here are all the details on John Bolton’s meeting with Boris Johnson – and the Trump adviser’s promise to put Britain “first in line” for a trade deal.
 

John Bolton says UK 'first in line' for trade deal with US

US national security adviser meets Boris Johnson in London
One of the country’s leading constitutional experts said Britain is in “deep trouble” unless Boris Johnson and Jeremy Corbyn can act like “good chaps” and find a way to resolve the crisis.
 
Lord Hennessy of Nympsfield said Britain’s constitution had relied on the “good chap” theory of government.
 
“Good chaps know where the lines are drawn — good chaps of both sexes, of course — and make sure that we get nowhere near crossing the line,” he told The Times.
 
“It only takes one of the big players at a moment of high political drama to decline to play by the unwritten rules and you’re in deep trouble.”
A majority of the British public think Boris Johnson should suspend parliament in order to push through Brexit, according to latest figures.
 
ComRes poll for The Telegraph found 54 per cent of the public agree that the PM “needs to deliver Brexit by any means, including suspending Parliament if necessary, in order to prevent MPs from stopping it”.
 
Many MPs have expressed outrage at the idea of “proroguing” parliament in order to avoid a no-deal scenario being halted by the Commons.
 
The poll of 2,011 British adults also, however, found 51 per cent of respondents agree that “Brexit should be halted if problems over the Northern Ireland border threaten to split the Union”.
 
According to the figures, 88 per cent of respondents feel parliament is “out of touch” with the British public, and that 89 per cent feel MPs “ignore the wishes of voters and push their own agendas” on Brexit.
 
As well as this, the poll found 77 per cent of respondents agree the Queen should “remain above politics and refuse to get involved in Brexit”.
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No 10 is getting ready to pull British diplomats out of meetings in Brussels in an effort to show the EU that the UK is serious about withdrawal on 31 October, according to reports.
 
The move is likely to see officials quit some of the 28-member bloc’s main structures, such as working groups, long before our potential exit in the autumn, says the Financial Times.
 
It follows a report in The Guardian that British chiefs will stop attending meetings “within days”.
A judge will decide on Tuesday whether a legal challenge attempting to prevent Boris Johnson forcing through a no-deal Brexit by suspending parliament will be heard before October 31.
 
The legal bid, backed by more than 70 MPs and peers, is seeking to get the Court of Session in Edinburgh to rule that suspending parliament to make the UK leave the EU without a deal is “unlawful and unconstitutional”.
 
It was granted permission to proceed by the Scottish courts, but anti-Brexit campaigners have stressed the urgency of the case due to the Halloween deadline.
 
An initial hearing is due to take place before Lord Doherty at the Court of Session on Tuesday morning to determine the timescale of when the legal challenge will proceed.
As No 10 continues to announce a series of populist policies on crime, our political sketch writer Tom Peck says the PM’s consigliere Dominic Cummings has become a prime example of everything he railed against as a blogger, spad and campaign director.
 

It has taken Dominic Cummings less than two weeks to become everything he hates

‘Ten thousand new prison places’ is a shining example of the bad policy politics Cummings has spent a lifetime claiming to want to change
Boris Johnson has announced £100m of investment to boost security in prisons, warning that jails cannot become “factories for making bad people worse”.
 
The Ministry of Justice said the sum will fund an increase in X-ray scanners and metal detectors.
 
The latest spending pledge will fuel speculation that Johnson is preparing for an early general election, while Labour claimed the money falls short of the sum needed to reverse the damage caused by years of Tory cuts.
 
Shadow justice secretary Richard Burgon said: “These measures fall woefully short of what is needed to make our prisons safe. Faced with a prisons emergency caused by austerity, Boris Johnson is timidly tinkering at the edges.”
 
Liberal Democrat justice spokeswoman Wera Hobhouse said it was a “hollow move” by Mr Johnson which “fails to tackle the causes of crime”.
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Here’s our social affairs correspondent May Bulman with more on the PM’s latest funding announcement – and criticism from prison reform campaigners.
 

Boris Johnson ‘failing to tackle causes of crime’ as he announces £100m crackdown on prison violence

Campaigners brand plans to ramp up security in jails ‘hollow move’ that fails to address root causes behind prisons crisis
The worst outcome of a no-deal Brexit will be “mild disruption” given the preparations being made by Boris Johnson’s government, the chief executive of Next has claimed.
 
Lord Wolfson of Aspley Guise said he will be “much less frightened” of the UK leaving the EU without a deal if the government is well prepared – and he has “every indication” they are now taking it seriously under the new PM.
 
He was also sharply critical of the no-deal planning by Theresa May’s administration, insisting there was “almost a wilful attempt” to not prepare as they did not want to admit it could happen.
 
The Conservative peer said the required level of confidence, energy and vigour “certainly wasn’t” in May’s government.
 
He told BBC Radio 4’s Today programme: “I’m very pleased to see that that vigour has now come to government and we are properly preparing for all eventualities.”
Former foreign secretary Jack Straw has sounded a sceptical note on the White House official John Bolton’s promise the US has put the UK “first in line” for a trade deal.
 
“This is a highly transactional admin – strictly business. You don’t get something for nothing,” Straw told the Today programme, calling Bolton “myopic” and “dangerously bellicose”.
 
On a potential trade deal, Straw added: “In return for easing on imports of machinery into the US, we will be expected to take so-called chlorine-washed chicken.
 
“I actually don’t mind chlorine-washed chicken, but that’s what going to happen, and that will have a big impact on our trade with Europe.”
 
He also criticised Bolton’s moves to dismantle the Iran nuclear deal, and laughed off claims Bolton had once called him “Tehran Jack”.
Unemployment has risen by 31,000 in just three months, according to the last official data.
 
Our business editor Olesya Dmitracova has all the details.
 

UK unemployment hits 1.33 million after rising by 31,000 in three months

Jobless rate rises to 3.9 per cent in second quarter
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Labour MP Wes Streeting is not the only one criticising the latest ComRes poll for The Telegraph – which appeared to show majority support for the PM delivering Brexit by any means, even proroguing parliament if necessary.
 
Plenty of people on social media pointing out that the survey result was 44 per cent in favour of that proposition and 37 per cent against, with 19 per cent don’t knows. The leading question also left out the fact that a group of MPs are trying to extend Article 50 rather than stop Brexit completely.
 
No 10 has banned all government special advisers from going to the Lords to watch the second test between England and Australia, according to Politico.
 
The poor spads “may not accept invitations to events during working hours” according to a directive, ruling out the first few days of this week’s cricket.
Thousands of academics from the EU left their posts at Britain’s top universities in the year after the Brexit vote – an 11 per cent rise on the year before, new analysis have revealed.
 
Our education correspondent Eleanor Busby has the details.
 

Thousands of EU academics left posts at leading British universities after Brexit vote, analysis finds

Exclusive: The Russell Group calls on Boris Johnson to provide certainty to staff to prevent exodus
A legal challenge seeking to prevent Boris Johnson from suspending parliament to force through a no-deal scenario will be heard before the 31 October.
 
Our correspondent Ashley Cowburn has the details.
 

Legal bid to stop Boris Johnson forcing no-deal Brexit will go ahead before 31 October, judge says

A legal challenge seeking to prevent Boris Johnson from suspending parliament to force through a no-deal scenario will be heard before the 31 October deadline in a boost for pro-EU campaigners.
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The Scottish and Welsh governments have sent as joint letter to the UK education secretary Gavin Williamson raising concerns over the future of the European student exchange programme after Brexit.
 
The letter from Richard Lochhead and Kirsty Williams calls on the government to continue to participate in the Erasmus+ scheme in the event of leaving the EU without a deal in place.
 
Mr Lochhead and Ms Williams state in their letter that leaving with no deal – and without any new arrangements being reached – would leave universities, colleges, and schools across the UK ineligible to submit applications to participate in the final year of the current Erasmus+ programme in 2020.
 
Lochhead said: “The Scottish and Welsh governments are clear that we must remain a full participant in Erasmus+.
 
“I am also alarmed to hear the UK Department for Education could be considering an Erasmus+ replacement programme for England only – with potentially no consequential funding for devolved administrations to put in place their own arrangements.
 
“That’s why we have written to the UK government calling for urgent action and assurances that Scottish students won't miss out.”
Having sounded cleared warnings about the potential impact of a no-deal Brexit, cabinet minister Amber Rudd has claimed “it’s very difficult to tell” what will happen if we crash out of the EU on 31 October.
 
In case anyone has missed today’s front pages, Boris Johnson and Carrie Symonds were photographed together for the first time at an official reception in Downing Street.
 
The PM, who has been in post since July 24, was snapped standing next to his partner at an event to honour staff from six hospices.
 
In a tweet, No 10 said the reception was a chance for Mr Johnson to pay tribute to hospice staff's “hard work, dedication and compassion”.
 
Pictures from the event show Johnson smiling with guests wearing t-shirts with the Noah’s Ark Children’s Hospice logo, as Symonds greeted visitors.
Trump adviser John Bolton is conducting his second day of talks with British officials. Nash Riggins thinks we should be very way of his encouragement on a no-deal exit and claims the UK will be “first in line” for a trade deal.
 

Opinion: John Bolton the warhawk wants a no-deal Brexit – don’t take the bait

The US national security adviser is a hungry jackal who preys on anyone he perceives to be weaker than the US – which is probably why Donald Trump has sent him over to London this week
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